21st February- International Mother Language Day Paragraph & Essay

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International Mother Language Day Paragraph

  • Write a Short Paragraph on “21st February– International Mother Language Day”.

The 21st of February is observed as the International Mother Language Day in our country. Formerly it was observed as Shaheed Day. It is a red-letter day in the history of Bangladesh. On this day of 1952, the brave sons of this soil laid down their lives to protect the dignity of their mother tongue. The then government of West Pakistan declared in 1948 that only Urdu would be the state language of Pakistan. But the students of our country protested this announcement and it turned into a movement and reached its climax in 1952. But the govt. outlawed all kinds of meetings and processions. On 21 February in 1952, many students brought out a procession breaking 144 in favor of their demand. But suddenly the police fired upon the students, killing Slam, Rafiq, Barkat, Safiurand Jabbar. Consequently, Bangla was declared as one of the state languages of Pakistan. Afterward, on 17 November 1999, institute UNESCO declared the day as the International Mother Language Day. The day is observed to show respect one’s own mother tongue throughout the world. On 21 February, the people of our country wake up early in the morning. They walk to Shaheed Minars barefooted with flowers and wreaths in hands. People across the country wear a black badge to mark the day as mourning for them. Many meetings and seminars are held. People also pray by reciting the Quran and other dues for the salvation of the souls of the martyrs. I also do the same as other people do. I also participate in the program arranged by our school.

International Mother Language Day Essay

  • Write a Short Essay/Composition on “International Mother Language Day”.

The 21st of February is now the International Mother Language Day. UNESCO, a branch organization of the UN has declared this date as International Mother Language Day. This day has popularised Bangladesh all over the world also brought the name and fame of our country. On this day we pay homage to the noble Martyrs who sacrificed their lives for our mother tongue in 1952. This language into the movement found its culmination into a movement for independence. It also gave rise to the spirit of Bengali nationalism which reached its goal in independent Bangladesh in 1971. Now, this day has become the source of eternal inspiration to all peace-loving people.

The significance of ‘International Mother Language Day

The h to cal background of this day is very significant. Bangladesh was the pa t of Pakistan before 1971 named East Pakistan. On 21st March 1948, the then ruler of Pakistan declared unequivocally that, “Urdu and Urdu only shall be the state language of Pakistan.” The people of East Pakistan at once protested this unilateral decision. They burst out to distraction. As they are greater in number so they demanded that Bangla, not Urdu shall be the state language of Pakistan. But the Pakistani ruler refused the demand.

All the conscious people of East Pakistan including students, teachers, laborers, intellectuals, writers agitated to implement their demand unitedly. The Pakistani ruler brought into force of section 144 all over Dhakà city on 21st February 1952. Then the demonstration rose up very high. The students of Dhaka University broke the section 144 and advanced to the College. The police threw tear gas and fired to the demonstrator am, Barkat, Rafiq, Jabbar, and some other unknown youths From then we observed the 2ist February as Shahid Day till 1999.

International Mother Language Day Celebration

Rafiqul Islam and Abdus Salam, the two Bengali, who dwelled in Canada formed a committee and submitted a memorandum to UN Secretary-General Kofi Anan on 9th January 1998 demanding 21st February as International Mother Language Day.

But Kofi Anan suggested them to talk with the UNESCO. UNESCO told them that not the person but a member country should send ‘a proposal. On 9th September 1999, Bangladesh sent the proposal to UNESCO. Then UNESCO declared the 21st February as an International Mother Language Day on its 30th General Meeting. Now all the member countries of the UNESCO observe 21st February as the International Mother Language Day. Really it is a great achievement for our language as well as our country.


Every nation loves and respects his mother tongue and on this day, conscious people renew the pledge for the unity of the nation to rise against all sorts of oppression and assaults. So this day bears an immense significance in the history of the world. Today it has been our sacred duty to develop our language at all costs. Our love for our mother tongue would be proved true only when e should be able to use Bangla in every sphere of life. So, let this day be a part of our sensibilities.

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